digitaria setigera common name




Beyond the small area of occupancy there are no active threats known from this species, though it may have been lost from Raoul Island. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. Upper floret; lemma ≈ spikelet, glabrous, acuminate, yellowish or light brown (amber) at maturity; palea ≈ lemma, similar in texture and shape; anthers 1.0‒1.3 mm; stigmas brown; cayopsis c.1.5 mm, oblong. Digitaria bifasciculata. Sykes, W.R. 1977. ... Digitaria setigera Roth. The seeds germinate in the late spring and early summer and outcompete the domesticated lawn grasses, expanding outward in a circle up to 30 cm (12 in) in diameter. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. Büse who first treated this grass as naturalised, though his comments about it being suited to long distance avian dispersal, its close association on the Kermadec Islands with sea bird nesting sites and other general comments about its indigenous status in the ‘Tropical Pacific’ implies that he may also have considered it indigenous there. Seemingly restricted to makatea and low shrubland overlying basalt tuff and rock on the smaller islands of the northern Kermadec group. (USF) Digitaria bicornis : Asian crab grass (USF) Digitaria cf. ... Homonyms Digitaria bicornis (Lam.) Digitaria setigera was initially treated as indigenous to the Kermadec Islands by Cheeseman (1888, 1906, 1925) and Oliver (1910). Racemes 3‒5, 35‒100 mm, slender, compressed, digitate or spreading; rachis 3-angled, winged, 0.3‒0.8 mm widfe, scabrid on angles, short-hairy at base. The seeds are edible most notably those of fonio (Digitaria exilis and Digitaria iburua), Digitaria sanguinalis, as well as Digitaria compacta. Field and herbarium studies have revealed a greater diversity of Thai Digitaria (Poaceae) than previously known. Digitaria stricta Roth. 1925. Widespread through tropical Asia, Pacific to French Polynesia and North Australia. The conservation status of all known New Zealand vascular plant taxa at the rank of species and below were reassessed in 2017 using the New Zealand Threat Classification System (NZTCS). Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants. 1906. Cheeseman, T.F. Classification. Despite this Edgar & Shand (1987), Edgar & Connor (2000, 2010) treated Digitaria setigera as naturalised to the Kermadec Islands though without providing any justification for their decision (it is assumed they took advice from W.R. Sykes). Despite this view, Pacific flora and grass treatments and view points of botanists studying that region, notably including Sykes himself when question in 2013, regard this grass as indigenous to tropical Asia, Malesia, the Pacific Islands and northern Australia, and significantly with respect to the Kermadec Islands, also the nearby Norfolk Island group, so its presence on the Northern Kermadec Island group is not incompatible with it being indigenous there (Green 1994, Whistler 1995; Edgar & Connor 2010; R. O. Gardner, W.R. Sykes & W.A. Wayside Plants of the Islands – a guide to the lowland Flora of the Pacific Islands. This report includes a statistical summary and brief notes on changes since 2012 and replaces all previous NZTCS lists for vascular plants. India 7: 16. With Appendix: Hepaticopsida (Hepaticae) & Anthocerotopsida by Ella O. Campbell. Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions. Leaf-blade 35‒100 × 2‒7 mm, light green, dark green, often glaucescent, soft, linear tapering to long, finely pointed tip, surfaces finely hairy, ribs and margins scabrid. Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions but can occur in tropical, subtropical, and cooler temperate regions as well. de Lange for NZPCN, 29 May 2020. 1973. Schultz [crab grass] Puccinia oahuensis — leaf and stem rust Diffenbachia Schott [dumbcane] Lophodermium sp. & Schult. & F.W. The ligule is 4 mm tall; the inflorescence is digitally formed from 3 to … Annual. The leaves are up to 25 cm long and 1 cm wide. It was Sykes (1977, p. 166–167) as D. pruriens (Trin.) setigera: Plantae: Digitaria sanguinalis f. illinoensis Ebinger: synonym for Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. porrhantha (Steud.) Edgar, E.; Connor, H.E. Collected once sometime between 1838 and 1840 (possibly as a genuinely naturalised occurrence) from the Bay of Islands, North Island, New Zealand. V. Grasses. Veldkamp, J.F. Digitaria setigera Roth apud R. & S. (Poaceae)Vern. For this reason de Lange et al. Digitaria setigeraRoth ex Roem. (HT: B; IT: K). Authority. 2000: Flora of New Zealand. English. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute 42: 118–175. Digitaria setigera Roth Accepted Name Itchy crabgrass Plantae > Tracheophyta > Liliopsida > Poales > Poaceae > Digitaria > Digitaria setigera Roth Other scientific names. On the Kermadec Islands flowering may occur throughout the year, On the Kermadec Islands fruiting may occur throughout the year. Spikelets 2.5‒3.5 mm, paired, lanceolate, long-acute, laterally with fine acute-tipped hairs. Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions but can occur in tropical, subtropical, and cooler temperate regions as well. It was Sykes (1977, p. 166–167) as D. pruriens (Trin.) 2: 474 (1817). Digitaria horizontalis var. Henr. ex Loudon Common names Asian crabgrass in language. Prepared by P.J. Brit. microbachne (J. Presl) Fosberg. Description Top of page. Often found around the nests of Kermadec petrel (Pterodroma neglecta) and Tasman booby ( Sula dactylatra tasmani). A similar example in a Common Name search is Virginia snakeroot. An annotated checklist. Northern Kermadec Islands where locally common on The Meyers, Herald Islets, Chanters and Napier. de Lange P.J., Rolfe J.R., Barkla J.W., Courtney S.P., Champion, P.D., Perrie, L.R., Beadel S.M., Ford K.A., Breitwieser I., Schönberger I., Hindmarsh-Walls R., Heenan P.B., and K. Ladley 2018. Lower glume 0, or reduced to a minute rim or scale c.0.1 mm, upper 0.6‒1.5 mm, c.¼‒(⅓) length of spikelet, 0‒3-nerved, deltoid, obtuse to subacute, glabrous, or with long hairs on margins overtopping glume. comm. (2018) accept Digitaria setigera as indigenous to the Kermadec Islands. Recognized by USDA PLANTS images, Wikidata, and USDA Plants data. Digitaria setigera Roth [family POACEAE] ... 3–25 cm. Manual of the New Zealand Flora. fimbriata Henr. 2nd ed. Digitaria bicornis (Lam.) Syst.Veg. Whistler, W.A. Edgar, E and H.E. digitgrass prefer. (Year at time of access): Digitaria setigera Fact Sheet (content continuously updated). Vol. The sole New Zealand record noted by Edgar & Connor (2000, 2010) is however, probably a genuine naturalisation stemming from early shipping. Paspalum heteranthum Hook. Authors: By Peter J. de Lange, Jeremy R. Rolfe, John W. Barkla, Shannel P. Courtney, Paul D. Champion, Leon R. Perrie, Sarah M. Beadel, Kerry A. Ford, Ilse Breitwieser, Ines Schönberger, Rowan Hindmarsh-Walls, Peter B. Heenan and Kate Ladley. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. synonym for Digitaria setigera var. Culm 0.1‒0.45(‒1.0) m, ascending-erect or floppy, internodes glabrous. Sheaths and lower parts of leaves loosely hairy on both surfaces. (GPWG 2001) : Subfamily Panicoideae. The prevalent species of Digitaria in North America are large crabgrass (D. sanguinalis), sometimes known as hairy crabgrass; and smooth crabgrass (D. ischaemum). Leaves are rolled in the bud and more numerous at the base. marattensis (Henrard) Bor Panicum adpressum Forssk. December 2013). & Vaughan Digitaria pruriens var. Digitaria setigera has also been reported from Raoul Island but there it has been much confused with the superficially similar D. ciliaris (common on Raoul as an introduced species) and it is not clear if it still present on that island. Whistler pers. Welcome to the famous Dave's Garden website. Accessions: 2 (1 active, 1 available) in National Plant Germplasm System Nomenclature and Classification > Taxon Record Name > Scientific Name. Henrard. Connor 2010. Digitaria pruriens (Fisch. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio. These species often become problem weeds in lawns and gardens, growing especially well in thin lawns that are watered lightly, under-fertilized, and poorly drained. The examples and perspective in this article, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Checklist of grasses in Namibia, Part 3", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Digitaria&oldid=986895799, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with limited geographic scope from January 2014, Pages in non-existent country centric categories, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 3 November 2020, at 16:56. EDDMapS Distribution - This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts, herbaria, and literature. Digitus is the Latin word for "finger", and they are distinguished by the long, finger-like inflorescences they produce. New Zealand Journal of Botany 25: 343–353. Digitaria bicornis is a stout annual grass, up to 1 m tall, with glaucous green leaves, glabrous sheath, or stiff, milky-based, tubercle-like hairs, up to 15 cm long, also with hair. They are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and forage plants; some are often considered lawn pests. Recent synonyms:D. pruriens. Merr. (Roemer & Schultes) Veldkamp. [citation needed][7] Crabgrass is quickly outcompeted by healthy lawn grass because, as an annual plant, crabgrass dies off in autumn and needs open conditions for its germination the following spring. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. ... Digitaria setigera East Indian crabgrass Digitaria setivalva crabgrass Digitaria … They are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and forage plants; some are often considered lawn pests. Government Printer, Wellington. New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Bulletin 219: 1–199. Digitaria swalleniana Henrard. Digitaria setigera Roth ex Roem. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. Not accepted according to {resource_name} (other, see comments) ... Common Names. & Schult. Büse. Presented here is summary information about the species Digitaria setigera from the Global Compendium of Weeds, and citations of references to this species as a weed.Definitions of terms are available in the GCW introduction .For further information--or to report corrections or concerns--contact [email protected] Leaves are generally shorter, wider and more tapered than those of most other grasses. 2017. On the flora of the Kermadec Islands: with notes on the fauna. Digitaria setigera Roem. Digitaria setigera is locally common on the outer islands of the Northern Kermadec Islands group. Flora of New Zealand Volume V Grasses. Transactions and Proceeding of the New Zealand Institute 20: 151–181. New Zealand Plant Conservation Network. Digitaria stewartiana Bor. Roem. Description adapted from Edgar & Connor (2000). MSS, a listed contributor to the work Name Verified on: 06-May-1996 by ARS Systematic Botanists. Biological control is preferable over herbicide use on lawns, as crabgrass emergence is not the cause of poor lawn health but a symptom, and it will return annually if the lawn is not restored with fertilization and proper watering. Annual, weakly caespitose to loosely matted grass forming tufts up to 1 m tall (usually much less). Name: Japani-lota, Japani-habi (Assamese) Paspalum longifolium Roxb. Stapf ; Digitaria adscendens (Kunth) Henrard; Digitaria adscendens (H.B.K.) 1896. They can be toasted, ground into a flour, made into porridge or fermented to make beer. MULTILINGUAL MULTISCRIPT PLANT NAME DATABASE. Fonio has been widely used as a staple crop in parts of Africa. Shand 1987. long, or digitate in the smaller plants; racemes 4–15 cm. The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) is an online resource that provides immediate access to the wealth of plant specimen information held by Australian herbaria. Digitaria setigera Roth – East Indian crabgrass : Species: Digitaria setivalva Stent – crabgrass : Species: Digitaria similis Beetle ex Gould – roadside crabgrass : Species: Digitaria simpsonii (Vasey) Fernald – Isle-of-Pines crabgrass : Species: Digitaria singularis Mez Species: Digitaria swalleniana Henrard – Swallen's crabgrass Ligule 1.0‒2.5 mm, membranous, glabrous, truncate, erose. Oliver, W.R.B. Digitaria sanguinalis f. umbraticola Henrard Digitaria sanguinalis var. horizontalis (Willd.) (1771) Henr.-> Digitaria adscendens (Kunth) Henrard; Digitaria adscendens (H.B.K.) Digitaria setigera was initially treated as indigenous to the Kermadec Islands by Cheeseman (1888, 1906, 1925) and Oliver (1910). 1910. tahitiensis Henrard, 1950 Digitaria reflexa Schumach. The vegetation of the Kermadec Islands. Join our friendly community that shares tips and ideas for gardens, along with seeds and plants. Digitaria setigera is a common, and at times weedy species of the wider Pacific which is close to its world southern limit on the Kermadec Islands. Ilse Botanica, Honolulu, Hawaii. ex Trin.) Kermadec Islands Flora. Digitaria setigera Nodes and leaves at Kipahulu LZ Haleakala National Park, Maui - Credit: Forest and Kim Starr - Plants of Hawaii - Image licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License, permitting sharing and adaptation with attribution. For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org Digitaria setigera : Source: NODC Taxonomic Code, database (version 8.0) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: Reference for: Digitaria setigera : Source: Poaceae update, database (version Sept. 2010) Acquired: 2010 : Notes: Poaceae update for ITIS, in cooperation with NatureServe, and based on the Catalogue of New World Grasses database and other sources Checklist of Panicoid grasses naturalised in New Zealand; with a key to native and naturalised genera and species. Digitaria setigera. Büse who first treated this grass as naturalised, though his comments about it being suited to long distance avian dispersal, its close association on the Kermadec Islands with sea bird nesting sites and other general comments … Blumea 21: 1–80. Digitaria compacta. Searching using "snake root" will yield no results due to the extra space, but searching "snake" will generate a short list of plants with the word "snake" in the common name. Cheeseman, T.F. Seeds dispersed by sea birds, gravity and water. 2012 | At Risk – Naturally Uncommon | Qualifiers: OL, SO. Digitus is the Latin word for "finger", and they are distinguished by the long, finger-like inflorescences they produce. Plantae: Digitaria sanguinalis f. intercedens (Beck) Soó: synonym for Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop. Furthermore, a search of "Virginia snake" or even "nia snak" yields one result: Virginia snakeroot. Plantae: Digitaria sanguinalis f. umbraticola Henrard, pro syn. Common names include crabgrass, finger-grass, and fonio.They are slender monocotyledonous annual and perennial lawn, pasture, and forage plants; some are often considered lawn pests. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Cheeseman, T.F. Rendle Digitaria setigera var. (Poaceae)Vern. It also has decent nutrient qualities as a forage for cattle.[5][6]. Preferred Scientific Name Digitaria sanguinalis Linnaeus (Scop.) Digitaria microbachne (J. Presl) Henr. Velkamp (1973), who synonymised D. pruriens with D. setigera, included the Kermadec Islands in this species’ natural distribution without further comment. Manaaki Whenua Press, Lincoln. wide. Government Printer, Wellington. Scientific Name: Samoan Name: Common Name: Photo: TSN: Park Status: Abundance: Residency: Nativity: Axonopus compressus : broadleaf carpetgrass : 41465 : Present in Park Type of Basionym or Protologue Information: India:, Heyne s.n. ex A. Digitaria bicornis Roem. They are annual plants, and one plant is capable of producing 150,000 seeds per season. D. ciliaris is an annual grass, typically decumbent, rooting at the nodes and spreading to form untidy patches up to 1 m across and 50 cm high, although under crowded conditions it will grow more erect with culms up to 1 m high. ... Common names (Digitaria) (Select a common name … var. The Plants Database includes the following 70 species of Digitaria . spec. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. A revision of Digitaria Haller (Gramineae) in Malesia. Büse var. Leaf-sheath folded, ribbed, light green to dark green, sometimes glaucescent or darkly maroon pigmented, bearing long, fine, spreading, tubercle-based hairs. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Name: Carpet grass. In the autumn when the plants die, they leave large voids in the lawn. & Schult. long, 3–12 mm. ex Ham. Digitaria setigera Roth ex Roem. Stems rooting at lower nodes. Panicum adpressum Willd. & Schult. Name: Sira-bon (Assamese) Mikania micrantha HBK ex Kunth (Poaceae)Vern. Preferred name: Digitaria setigera. https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/digitaria-setigera/ (Date website was queried), © 2020 New Zealand Plant Conservation Network • Website by RS, Members can view this photo in high resolution, National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank, Conservation status of New Zealand indigenous vascular plants, 2017, https://www.nzpcn.org.nz/flora/species/digitaria-setigera/, Project 1 - Pohutukawa, Rata and Myrtaceae, Project 2 - Alpine flora and the Forget-Me-Nots, Project 4 - Podocarps and trees of the forest, Pros and cons of presence/absence surveys. Search of `` Virginia snake '' or even `` nia snak '' yields result! 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